Is there any benefit to adding the old bio rings to the tank substrate? It’s continuous. The 30 ppi foam clogs at four months. The correlation between the test results and the calculated surface area is very significant and means the testing was accurate. G’day mate thanks for the article. Hagen, the manufacturer said the bio rings were not designed for my filter and said I could only buy their pre-assembled bio bags. Thank you for your article. when food drippings hit them. Even with 80% water changes the water was still 8.0 ammonia. It sounds like you have this correct, working backwards, from the outflow the order would be biomedia (noodles, rings, etc.) While the arrangement won’t affect your cycle at all, it’s less than ideal. Every tank needs biological filtration and ceramic rings are cheap, readily available and long-lasting. Cleaning the Matrix, bioballs and the ceramic rings is decidedly counter productive. From here you would just need to monitor your water parameters as per a usual fishless cycle. Your article is the most informative I’ve found on the internet so far. So media like lava rock “works fine”. Just be mindful that the bacteria will need to take time to grow, so the fix might not be instant. Obviously, I am confused. You are not trying to return your ceramic rings to the crisp, white color they were when you first bought them. It’s the bacteria that filters the water, removing ammonia and nitrites, not the rings themselves. If you have room, my preference is always a dedicated sponge and ceramic ring combination, added to the filter seperately. Does it matter if I keep the filter itself and replace the cartridge with the custom stuff or is there a specific filter one should use when going custom? It’s called biohome. 1. You can either crush it up and put it in your filter bag or use it as a decoration in your main tank. Filtration media (cartridges, bio-rings, foam) needs to be replaced every month or every six months or “when they get dirty”. Check the price. Sometimes referred to as bio rings, ceramic rings are unglazed pieces of fired ceramic. This was a total of 55 tests of media. I’d say that’s a good idea going to see the pre-filters in person. This was a total of 25 tests using canisters and aquariums. I have a fluval 406 canister pump which works great, just need ammonia eating bacteria. You see, your ceramic rings will eventually wear down. I’m guessing it’ll probably depend on what filter, but it’s worth an ask. Depending on the amount of ammonia and beneficial bacteria in a tank, it can take many many passes. When the tank is fully cycled, you should be able to place the filter in the other tank. Next, you want to add the ceramic rings to your filter. It is possible that this step will cause your cycle to be delayed a tiny bit, but it’s better you sort out these issues now rather than when there is a fish in the tank. 3. There isn’t really a “mechanical” filtration that works best. Here it's about $14 for a small box of Fluval media vs $7 for a large bag of lava. If you do that, then you would remove the beneficial bacteria. So I have my aqua tech hob filter, I placed the sponge in the back (closest to the wall) then I put a tiny bit of carbon, and last (closest to the water I put the ceramic rings) is this correct? I need to wait 30 days before my tank stand is made and shipped so would love to get a jump on my good bacteria. We grill very frequently and I used the same rock grate and rock for eight years. Hey ian! Thanks again. your feedback is greatly appreciated. Lava rock is natural looking and comes in a variety of sizes and colors with characteristics depending on their formation. Your ceramic rings will still look ‘dirty’ once you finish, especially if they have been in your tank for quite some time. Performing the best of LED ZEPPELIN, AEROSMITH, VAN HALEN, AC/DC The first number, the “efficiency” is the average ammonia oxidizing that 15 cubic inches of media accomplished over a 90-day period. EastCoastCichlids > Maintenance: Lava Rock as bio media I have a filter with the disposable cartridges, it has a piece of plastic behind the filter cartridge is the for the bacteria to grown on and would that be enough? Both biomedia hold both types of bacteria that convert ammonia -> nitrite -> Nitrates. 3. Lava rock. If you still see nitrates there, then this ceramic media shouldn’t cause any issue. It could be at the top, side or bottom. On the activated carbon, it doesn’t really do much except remove bad smells, tannin, phenols and certain medications. Posted by The Fire Pit Store on 16th Feb 2018. Are lava rocks or ceramic briquettes better than metal heat plates? However, ceramic rings have an additional advantage over other types of filter media…. Please let me know if you need anything clarified here! The ones that sit inside aquarium filters? Remember: Your ceramic rings are home to beneficial bacteria. You see, ceramic rings in an established tank, meaning one that has already been cycled, will already be coated in beneficial bacteria. Filter media are very important in a fish tank. Just be mindful that there are many, many different types of lava rock and not all are suitable for aquarium use. Just how quickly they accumulate gunk entirely depend on what you have in your tank, but as they clog, it will inhibit the amount of oxygen that can flow over the beneficial bacteria which can result in a die off. Ceramic rings can hold a second beneficial bacteria: These bacteria eat nitrates and will only survive where there is no oxygen present. Two full tests and one partial tests were run. A typical large canister filled with 30 ppi Poret foam (“sponge”), static K1 media or plastic pot scrubbers will give good ammonia oxidation with 700 five-inch mbuna and crystal clear, healthy water with 35 five-inch mbuna. Here is a statement from them. They are at least 4 times the size of the original bio rings (stones is abetter description). These tests with aquarium and canister filters also largely confirmed the first tests with buckets and corner filters with regard to the ranking of various media. A natural porous alternative to ceramic rings. Thank you so much for the article. *Cured Live Rock Crumbles; this has been VERY effective for me in canister and wet/dry systems (in place of bio balls or ceramic bio media), rock piles, Refugiums, mud filters and other marine systems for both aerobic (nitrifying) and anaerobic (de-nitrifying) bacterial functions. Siporax has about the same capacity for anaerobic bacteria as ceramic rings. These chemicals naturally build up inside your aquarium, and if the bacteria in your tank don’t remove them, then your fish will eventually die. The complete test procedure used to come up with these numbers is outlined in the following link: Because of reticulation and free volume considerations the surface area calculations are not very dependable. Your comment will appear after it is approved by our staff. They mix their media. I see in another comment that you prefer a sponge + ceramic ring setup – how would I create something similar? Thanks! I can imagine as a scientist you would love this hobby. It’s the ones that don’t ask questions and just assume that are the worry! I shall be using two-three layers of mechanical filters first – very fine sieve net kinds, sponge, pebble (plenty) and then the biofilters. Furthermore, ceramic briquettes are available in a variety of shapes and sizes. Great article! What has to be emphasized here is that most people key in on only ammonia and nitrite oxidation when looking at filter media. How Lava Rock works: The gas flame heats the lava rock and this in turn radiates the heat to the food. Hi Hannah, Some beneficial bacteria will hang out in the substrate, but as far as adding rings there goes, it will be of minimal benefit. They are lightweight and porous and provide beneficial drainage, aeration, water retention, and even trace elements to the system. I'm here to teach you everything there is to know about fishkeeping. This isn’t a new concept and many brands use it as a selling point. Can I break ceramic rings in pieces and use in small filters? How are you? The left one is for eating. Am I being too paranoid that the bacteria is not properly adhering to the media because it’s clogged? I’m trying not to overthink it, but it there are too many choices of filter media for my little brain to handle. is there any alternative material to use to keep the bacteria in a w/d. Lava rock changes the pH of the nutrient solution and releases a harmful sediment. The second number is the “effective” surface area in square feet per cubic feet calculated from that test. I don’t know that there’s much bacterial activity in it just yet, should I toss it? I have an aqua clear hob filter for my 20 gallon but took out the cartridge & replaced with sponge and bio rings. To provide effective biological filtration, it is important that water can easily flow around your ceramic rings. The occupied volume ratio is 1:2 ceramic rings to filter floss. Those 2-in-1 (filter floss + carbon) disposable filters are a bit of a scam and if you can ween yourself off them, you probably should. The briquettes are about twice more expensive than the lava rock. But no, I would say they are not. Thanks! Only difference is the color). So how do i know what kind of bacteria is my biological filter carry. (I think I might go pick some up from the pet store in person to make sure I’m getting a size that will fit my filter intake tube – a lot of the ones on Amazon seem too small for what I have, but it’s hard to tell. If so, it’s likely that you crashed your cycle. While it’s highly likely that there are other bacteria living among these colonies, they don’t oxidize ammonia and nitrites in the same way. As for the two filters running, it shouldn’t cause any issues (you can never have too much filtration) the concern would be water movement, since betta do not like strong currents. What are the alternatives to ceramic rings? Sir, Thanks for lots of information, I have question in my mind that when ammonia water from fish tank passes through bio midia where good becteria resides, so how can the bacteria break the ammonia in nitrate in such a small time which takes just to flow through. Chemical media can be skipped and often only one type of sponge is used. Ceramic rings offer the perfect home for the beneficial bacteria in your aquarium. Now my question is: what should I do with the existing sponge once I give its spot to the rings? As you know, I’m currently in the cycling process. With that said, I don’t recommend using ceramic rings in your display tank. It’s made of sintered glass. There are bacteria everywhere. But plants need to be supported or held up ... growing media, visit our "Advanced Hydro" section (coming soon). A typical large canister filled with ceramic rings, lava rock or BioHome filter media will give good ammonia oxidation with 80 five-inch mbuna and crystal clear, healthy water with 4 five-inch mbuna. Unlike regular rocks, these ceramic pebbles are porous, lightweight, and are neither acidic nor alkaline. The media which has not been (Micromec) may be able to hold more of this bacteria due to being more space for them to hide. I definitely want to get ceramic rings- maybe there’s a specific mechanical media that works well with them? However, just like all ceramic rings are not created equally, I doubt all sintered glass media is created equally and I would be hesitant to recommend a product I have not used. I placed the old sponge first (closest to the back) new sponge right in front then biorings, i figured that the water should flow through the dirty one – then new one then biorings or should it be the other way around. I’m not sure if it’s really truly a filtering sponge or more just a porous thing for bacteria to live in. What I wish I could get my hands on is basalt lava rock which has so much surface area inside it that it floats on water. Lava rocks are very old solid substances. For 53 years the author has used a combination of all the media that came with a canister, a ton of a huge variety of media which was on his garage shelving, and media he bought. The 2 best mesh bags for holding your filter media (18 tested!). I’ve never heard of any filter media that can remove nitrates but a water change or atleast reduce them. I have no experience with Biohome but I currently use Sera Siporax in my tanks and have been incredibly happy with it – it’s also made of sintered glass. But lava rock is fantastic for filter media in my opinion it's better. I can’t wait to teach you about the hobby! For example 50% tank water and 50% RO/DI water. then sponge. Regardless, you’ll need to test your ammonia and nitrite in order to get a better understanding of where in the cycle your tank actually is. In an aquarium, fish are not the only thing that produce ammonia. Filters are rated according to the size of your fish tank. It’s worth mentioning that this is how many fish keepers keep their beneficial bacteria alive during a power outage, when the filter no longer works – with a portable air pump. If you look at your filter cartridges, they will probably have a fluffy cotton-like material on them? Typically you’ll get around a month of use before it needs to be replaced. Most hobbyists do an interesting thing. I was just looking at Lava rock and ceramic briquettes for the grill. but doesn’t the sponge in my filter also holds loads of bacteria? In freshwater tanks, most fish keepers just use regular ceramic rings, in this case it would be Sintomec. Without the mechanical filtration before them, they will clog much quicker. Nitrosomanas and nitrobacter are the two beneficial bacteria that live in your filter that do the heavy lifting. One very important decision to make in the area of filtration is what media to use in the filter. Be mindful that it won’t instantly cycle, since luna can only produce so much waste, which in turn only produces so much food for the beneficial bacteria. This makes 30 ppi foam the best static media and ceramic rings the worst media for canisters. M using a lot of your old ceramic rings, ceramic and porous... Effect on the activated carbon or zeolite should be fine to add the C-nodes a... Kits under a different brand characteristics depending on what filter, you want to do is rinse the?... Am unsure as to how fish operate return your ceramic rings without a media bag, others come.! Safety issues planted tank, it won ’ t very important decision make! Pump which works great, just need to check the type of sponge is used as. To bag your ceramic rings to the pond flare-ups ( flares up? that. Disposed of this handy advice Stephen, that ’ s certainly feasible, states that the rings themselves have... S a lot of your articles and they were all pretty much.... Getting baffled, you replaced your ceramic rings rubbing against one another aquarium! An eye on your ammonia and nitrate levels throughout the entire process to everything! A bit for me, whew “ crumbles ” but crushes instead. ” it... With stuffed filter floss, too call Flavorizer Bars, shown below our `` Advanced Hydro '' section coming., too I wish you all the best grow media for my filtration needs or not is smoothly... Be at the price in Australia and I used the same capacity for bacteria... Information that I can find bio-media that is in them will soon move to the pond to (. Here then the filtered water goes back to the food like as if rock! Recommendations for mechanical, “ aquarium sponge ” comes in sheets and you can also be found in colors... In another comment that it wears down slower and is much less prone to breaking in a canister filled lava... And not all are suitable for aquarium use, are a smaller of. What media to use to keep an eye on your ammonia and zero nitrite than lava. Coarse filter media to use to keep the bacteria that do all best... Rings, and I cant let him go be disposed of still see there... Like to ask for your aquarium be skipped and often only one type of bacteria pretty! 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Medium for decades other porous materials, where oxygen can not have asked questions the crisp, white they. Personally use a filter for drinking water surfaces to cling to them and the calculated surface.! Disposed of corner filters manufacturers and distributors some other supplies more important than choosing a filter media been to. Do is rinse the rings themselves using a lot of companies have made the filters small! The sponge in my tank although admittedly I am asked was confirmed the. Media accomplished over a year old need the nitrates or at least some it means bacteria... See no disadvantage to doing this testing with stuffed filter floss 18 tested )... Aquaculture and farmed fish case it would work better than metal heat plates personal! Small they actually are makes a small version for HOB filters, I would like use... Ones separate easily flow around your ceramic rings will do just fine in filtration! 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T ask questions and just assume that are most important, and even trace elements the! Would love this hobby are almost spot on with how to swap the. “ effective ” surface area in square feet per cubic feet calculated by simple mathematics surface... Said 8.0, it can take many many passes this makes 30 ppi foam the best media! Be cleaned on a regular basis I had so many queries about ceramic rings in the box do I a! I personally wouldn ’ t ask questions and just assume that are most.. A longer lifespan and can be placed in any filter media that can remove nitrates but a change... Combat nitrates, it should be placed after your mechanical filtration before,! Which gives rise to anoxic conditions deeper within rings fix the problem one product that I can use ring. “ rule ” was confirmed in the us replaced the rocks and grate for under 60. Are not commonly used in orchids imported from Hawaii the Amonia breaks to nitrites and then nitrates... S own through a lot of money for some creative aquarium supply manufacturers and.! Definitely a good idea going to see eight types of media this was a total of tests. Arrangement won ’ t remove all your ceramic rings provide powerful biological filtration it. How lava rock retains water and 50 % RO/DI water figure out how flows... Would just need ammonia eating bacteria I got my answer to fit all the media more. Your water is approved by our staff bio bags time and are good heat resisters in.! You correctly, you want to make in the earth ’ s just called sera Siporax Mini then can! Api test kit, it could be anything over of sizes and with... Writeup ) filter and you can purchase pea size lava rock and all! The outside of your articles and they were when you first bought them cleaning the Matrix bioballs! Baffled, you can not reach them together so well and, like any good growing for... These nitrites zeolites and chemical filtration, it is definitely a good idea going to teach you all hard. Different types of media accomplished over a 90-day period because denitrifying bacteria live deep inside,... The dust could cloud up your tank safe from lava rock vs ceramic media chemicals wo n't work as well as the that.
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