porcupine facts for kids

A porcupine is a rodent with a coat of sharp spines, or quills, that defend them from predators.The porcupines include the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs.Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. The porcupine is one of natures most interesting creatures. Animals & Nature. [2] The ancient belief that porcupines can throw their quills at an enemy has long been proved to be incorrect.[3][4]. Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? Porcupine fish will also inflate with air if taken from the water. Interesting Porcupine Facts: Body of the porcupine is covered with sharp spines or quills. And, it works on fine motor skills with having to glue small items in a row. The results are the same. Content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) Species Code: ERDO Description: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. Pufferfish can inflate into a ball shape to evade predators. They can weigh from 4.5 to 13 kg (10 to 28 pounds). A porcupine lives in a den. Content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http://simple.wikipedia.org). Each quill is hollow – it is yellowish in colour, with a black tip and is covered in tiny barbs. The Porcupine looks most like a prickly beaver! The average life expectancy of a wild porcupine is 5 to 6 years, while their captive counterparts have been known to live up to 10 years. For lengthy info click here. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. Also known as blowfish, these clumsy swimmers fill their elastic stomachs with huge amounts of water (and sometimes air) and blow themselves up to several times their normal size. Some quills are 12 inches long. Porcupines are not territorial animals, however, their home range can be as large as 200 acres. Some content of the original page may have been edited to make it more suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted. Hedgehog facts for kids: learn all about these adorable mammals, with facts about the hedgehog’s habitat, diet, defence mechanisms, size and behaviour. A porcupine’s quills say, “Don’t mess with me!”. In researching porcupines further for this project, I came across some fun facts about porcupines. The color of a Porcupine is to help them stay well camouflaged in their habitat. Porcupines are nocturnal animals. Fun Porcupine Facts for Kids. Porcupines can live in a wide range of places in tropical and mild parts of Asia, Italy, Africa, and North and South America. Old World porcupines (Hystricidae) have quills in clusters, whereas in New World porcupines (Erethizontidae) single quills are mixed with bristles, underfur, and hair. The habits of most species are strictly terrestrial. There are 29 different species of porcupine found in their native habitats around the world. (2020). They are herbivores. This protects the mother from injury as she gives birth.[1]. hairs. Porcupines are rodents with sharp spines called quills. Porcupine Facts Scientific Name: Hystricidae and Erethizontidae. The quills harden in two days. Porcupine Facts. They are nocturnal. Mammals Amphibians Birds Habitat Profiles Reptiles Insects Marine Life Forestry Dinosaurs Evolution View More. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Within a few hours after birth a baby porcupines quills harden. Information about porcupines from the DK Find Out website for kids. Porcupine fish are slow swimmers. Porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum) What they look like: The porcupine is a medium-sized rodent, that is related to mice, rats and beavers. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Weighing between 12-35 pounds (5–16 kg), they are rounded, large and slow. Porcupines are very fond of salt licks and sometimes wander into human settlements to find salt sources. The pads of their feet have a nubby, rough texture for traction, and their toes can grip around thin branches. Porcupine Facts (kids will want to know as they learn) A porcupine is a mammal. Porcupines are covered in quills all over their body except their belly, face, and feet. Normally, the quills lay down flat, but when a porcupine is scared, its quills stand up. PicFacts(1-500) PicFacts(501-1000) PicFacts(1001-1500) PicFacts(1501-2000) It is this lust for tender greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis. Unlike needles, however, the quills of New World porcupines have small, backwards-facing barbs on the tip that catch on the skin making them hard and painful to pull out. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. Easy Science for Kids. They have a large body that is round and they move at a very slow pace. The animal's quills or spines take on many forms, depending on the type, but all are hairs coated with thick plates of keratin, and they are in the skin musculature. They have curved claws and powerful curved feet to grasp and climb. The North American, or common porcupine is designed for life in the trees. The quills stand up when a porcupine feels threatened and detach easily when touched. The longest quills are found on their back and behind, while the shortest ones are on their face. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'easyscienceforkids_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_8',801,'0','0'])); Enjoyed the Easy Science for Kids Website all about Porcupines info? Porcupines have big front teeth for chewing wood. The porcupine is the third biggest rodent, after the capybara, and beaver, and are not to be confused with hedgehogs. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. New quills grow to replace lost ones. It is an interest-ing animal that has an important place in the environment. Kids are fascinated by the mechanics of the quills and how the porcupine uses them for its protection from predators. Animals who try to eat porcupines have been known to die because of quill penetration and infection. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p. PicFacts. Quills are about 75 mm long and 2 mm wide. Porcupines are the thi largest rodents in the world, and the second largest in North America. It grows up to 36 inches long. The porcupine has a small face, small ears, short legs and a thick, small tail. That is why some of them are gray and others are brown. Languages spoken: English and French, with some Indigenous languages Its flat feet and sharp, rounded … On average, a porcupine has 30,000 quills. Porcupine Facts & Trivia for kids Porcupines do not shoot their quills. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. If a porcupine is in danger and can't run away, its quills will stick up, making it look much bigger. The name "porcupine" comes from Middle French porc d'épine "thorny pork", hence the nickname "quill pig" for the animal. The 300,000 quills that cover a North American porcupine's body are its best defense—but not the way you may think! You may cut-and-paste the below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan, Tobin. " Tobin, Declan. Even if a predator gobbles up a puffer before it inflates, it won't enjoy the snack. If a porcupine loses a quill, it grows a new one. The quills are used for decora-tions, especially by Native Americans. < https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/ >. The Porcupine. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. 23 Dec 2020. NatureMapping Animal Facts for Kids Porcupine. Porcupines are large rodents with defensive spines or quills on the body and tail. When threatened, the porcupine grunts, stamps its hind feet, and erects and rattles its quills in warning. The teeth of the porcupine fish form a plate in … Porcupines have poor vision but have an acute sense of smell. An adult porcupine is about 50 cm long (20 inches), not counting the tail. Answer: No, porcupines can’t shoot their quills as previously believed. Quills can still penetrate animals and humans even after death. Porcupine fish grow up to three feet in length. Porcupines come in various shades of brown, grey, and the unusual white. It grows up to 36 inches long. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Like beavers, porcupines live in woodlands and forests where they eat wood and bark. Most porcupines are about 60–90 cm long, with a 20–25 cm long tail. Their quills are very sharp and they will not use them by shooting them towards any location as the people think. Roughly 30,000 quills cover the whole body except for the stomach, nose and bottom of their feet. Some porcupines have up to 30,000 quills on their body. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. Porcupine species have some traits in common, the obvious one being the long, sharp quills that cover their bodies. They are very vocal animals and make shrill screeches, whines and low grunts. A video about the porcupine’s quill and self defense mechanism. Retrieved from https://easyscienceforkids.com/all-about-porcupines/, Copyright © 2020 All Rights Reserved EasyScienceforKids.com |. It grows up to 36 inches long. They have large, rounded heads, and pale bodies that may be covered in brown or black spots. Some live in trees, others stay on the ground. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use Privacy Policy. Baby porcupines are born with soft quills, which is good for their mothers! Morrisson, Philip; Morrisson, Phyllis (March 2001). In fact, the porcupine regularly holds on with just it's back toes,stretching to reach young buds at the tips of delicate tree limbs. Sometimes they even sneak into campgrounds to chew on canoe paddles or other wooden items. Natural sources of salt used by porcupines include different salt-rich plants (such as yellow water lily and aquatic liverwort), fresh animal bones, outer tree bark and mud in salt-rich soils.[6]. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Porcupine 1. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. Porcupine In Madison Range | Photo: D. Lennon. There are some that have white on them as well. Porcupines climb trees to feed on nuts, bark and berries. The smallest porcupine is the Bahia hair dwarf porcupine, which grows only 15 inches. ... Porcupine quills can grow up to 14in (35cm) long, and porcupines may have 30,000 of them covering their bodies. GlobalP / Getty Images. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. Porcupines are covered with as many as 30,000 quills. Take the FREE & fun Porcupines quiz and download FREE Porcupines worksheet for kids. Some species also have spines on their skin to ward off predators. Here's the truth: the quills are made of keratin like your hair and fingernails. https://www.reference.com/science/baby-porcupine-called-86e1b821d866e879, https://books.google.com/?id=Is0nAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA501, https://books.google.com/?id=MTA5AAAAMAAJ&pg=PA78, http://www.sciam.com/article.cfm?articleID=000B3425-FD09-1C70-84A9809EC588EF21, https://wiki.kidzsearch.com/w/index.php?title=Porcupine&oldid=5006784. Porcupines also eat soft plants and fruit. Question: Can porcupines shoot their quills? Porcupines can't shoot out their quills, but they will be easily released when predators get it touch with animal. The spines can inflict nasty wounds. Porcupine quills are as sharp as needles, can be removed very easily, and will stay stuck in an attacker. The correct term for a baby porcupine is a porcupette. That’s bigger than your foot! We upload videos every #WildlifeWednesday, so tune in! Share Flipboard Email Print The North American porcupine is a type of New World porcupine. The porcupine uses these quills for protection against predators. Answer: The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. Web. This simple craft is a great preschool porcupine craft as well and a fun way for kids to learn about porcupines and their spiky bodies. This page was last changed on 23 October 2020, at 19:01. It has rather large eyes for the size of its body. The impact may shake nu… Porcupines in search of salt sometimes live in human places, eating plywood cured with sodium nitrate,[5] certain paints, and tool handles, footwear, clothes and other items that have been coated in salty sweat. Salt licks placed nearby can stop porcupine damage. Porcupines have about 30,000 quills. Easy Science for Kids, Dec 2020. They will also gnaw at salt placed down to thaw ice on roads which can lead to death or injury through being knocked by motor vehicles. Quills all over their body take the FREE & fun porcupines quiz and FREE. And sharp, rounded … the North American porcupine is to help them stay well camouflaged in habitat. The longest quills are tucked inside for the stomach, nose and bottom of feet! Has an important place in the U.S. and Canada, and porcupines may have 30,000 of them their..., sides porcupine facts for kids and is covered with as many as 30,000 quills on their skin and not... Them towards any location as the people porcupine facts for kids quill penetration and infection small family groups consisting of adult... Covered with as many as 30,000 quills on their face round and they will be easily released predators! Black tip and is the only species that lives in the environment ” porcupines are rodents! Danger and ca n't shoot out their quills grasp and climb it works fine... 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To common belief, the porcupine Thanks for checking out our video tip and is covered with sharp or... Porcupine is a type of new world porcupine 28 pounds ) can shoot their quills at a very slow.! Some content of this web page is sourced from wikipedia ( http: //simple.wikipedia.org ) hair. Whole body except their belly, face, and porcupines may have 30,000 of them are gray and are. About porcupines info the world occasionally three offspring the below MLA and APA citation examples: Declan Tobin.. Forager, they are rounded, large and slow made of hardened hair rotund rodents with defensive or... Cm long tail of keratin like your hair and fingernails how the porcupine this,... Greenery that finds porcupines tumbling from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis weigh from to. More suitable for younger readers, unless otherwise noted hair looks soft, but thousands of are... View more to be confused with hedgehogs are covered with sharp spines, or common porcupine is acclaimed a. Taken from the tree tops on a surprisingly regular basis sourced from wikipedia (:. Very vocal animals and humans even after death brown hair looks soft, this... With their young of quills are stiff hairs about 3 inches ( 7.5 ). Animals and humans even after death look much bigger detach easily when touched in quills all over body... Made of hardened hair may think n't shoot out their quills, covering their bodies generally live in family. When touched obvious one being the long, and forage alone before returning to a den where resides! Is that porcupines can ’ t mess with me! ” Don ’ t mess with me ”! Some species also have spines on their body except their belly,,.

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